A ceremony of customary marriage celebrated outside Nigeria by a couple who are domiciled in Nigeria will not create a valid marriage if the ceremony does not comply with the law of the country in which it is celebrated.
    However, if the couple intended to get married when they performed the ceremony and subsequently cohabited, a Nigerian court is likely to presume the existence of a valid and subsisting marriage between the couple.



    1. The purpose of this article is to highlight the need to reform legal education and the legal profession in Nigeria. If Nigeria wants to attract foreign investment there is a need for a reform of its legal profession.

    2. It is focused on the reform of legal education, reform of the Evidence Act and Procedure (civil and criminal) Rules and a limited reform of the legal profession. 

    The fundamental principles

    3. My views in this memo will revolve around the following principles: 

    (a) quality; 

    (b) affordability; 


    Now that Lagos State is reviewing its High Court Civil Procedure Rules, the other states of the Federation and the Federal High Court should also review theirs. The Court of Appeal should also review its Rules.

    In this article, I will highlight some defects in the High Court of Lagos State (Civil Procedure) Rules 2004 (the Lagos CPR) and the Court of Appeal Rules, and then suggest amendments.



    There are broadly two types of marriage in Nigeria: the statutory marriage and the customary marriage. In Southern Nigeria, many couples will first contract a customary marriage between them and subsequently contract a statutory marriage between them. There are two main theories about the status of these two marriages. The Conversion Theory is of the view that the subsequent statutory marriage converts the earlier customary marriage into a statutory marriage and that the dissolution of the statutory marriage in the High Court also automatically dissolves the customary marriage.


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